Both, green tea and black tea have been part of Asian tea culture for centuries and are among the most popular tea varieties worldwide. Black tea tastes pleasantly bitter and aromatic and is often drunk as an alternative to coffee due to its high caffeine content. Green tea also naturally contains caffeine and also has a pleasantly tart and fresh character. Which is the personal favorite tea is, of course, a matter of taste. We will tell you what differences and similarities the two types of tea have and what else you should consider.
The mutuality of green tea and black tea
Both green tea and black tea are made from the same plant. The basis of both are the leaves of the tea plant Camellia sinensis, which grows in tropical and subtropical regions around the globe. The best-known regions for tea cultivation are located in Asia. The different types of tea are created by the different further processing of the leaf material and then let them become either green tea or black tea.
The differences between green tea and black tea
The differences between the two types of tea begin shortly after picking. With green tea, the leaves are usually processed directly in the tea gardens after harvesting. The leaves are steamed so that oxidation is prevented by the heat and thus the typical green color of the leaves is preserved. With black tea, on the other hand, the leaves in the tea garden are rolled up and crushed by a machine. As a result, the cell walls within the leaves break open and cell juice is released. Subsequently, in moist warm air, the fermentation or oxidation process begins. The escaping juices react with the air and the black tea acquires its characteristic dark color and its typical, tart aroma.
The right preparation
It is important that both, during preparation, pay attention to the right water temperature, as this affects the taste result. For black and green tea, the ideal infusion temperature is around 100 degrees Celsius. In addition, it is generally true that the tea – both green tea and black tea – is tart in taste the longer it steeps. If the tea should taste milder, it must therefore not steep too long.
The influence of water quality on taste
In addition to the quality of the tea leaves, the quality of the water also has a significant influence on the taste of the tea. The harder the water used, i.e. the more lime it contains, the more bitter the taste becomes.
Green tea and black tea – support for losing weight
For a healthy lifestyle, not only nutrition is important, but also adequate hydration. This should be as low in calories as possible. So if you do not want to drink only water, you will find an ideal change in black and green tea. In addition to the fact that tea contains no calories – as long as neither sugar nor milk is added, green and black teas also have a stimulating effect, which can promote the desire for exercise and thus also contribute to a healthy lifestyle.